A common cause of heel pain in adults is because of foot injury called plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis can cause mild to severe foot pain in your heel and arch and is due to damage to the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a fibrous ligament that spans the length of your foot supporting your metatarsal bones. It is designed to perform a number of different function the most important being to pronate your foot when you walk. The plantar fascia is also meant to absorb shock and stop this shock from damaging the rest of your foot. However your plantar fascia is only designed to cope with so much strain and shock. If you put the plantar fascia under too much pressure it can become overstretched and inflamed resulting in plantar fasciiits. Plantar fasciitis can causes mild to sever foot pain on your heel and arch with the severity of the pain is dependant upon the damage to the plantar fascia. If the underlining causes of plantar fasciitis are not properly dealt your plantar fasciitis will only worsen.
You are more likely to damage the plantar fascia if you have flat feet, high arches, your feet over pronate or supinate when you walk, you regularly run or stand for long periods on hard surfaces, obese or wear unsupportive and tight shoes that place extra pressure on your arches.
Wearing a pair of arch support insoles can help to treat and ease plantar fasciitis. Arch support insoles are designed to take strain off the arch allowing your feet to recover. Arch support will also help to correct biomechanical imbalances from occurring and will help to make your feet function more naturally and in a way that causes the least amount of damage. Arch support insoles will also usually be made out of shock absorbing materials which will help to stop shock from damaging your feet and heels.